Resumen y reseña de “Cómo hacer que cualquiera se enamore de usted” de Leil Lowndes

Leil Lowndes es una experta reconocida a nivel mundial en relaciones. En su libro “Cómo hacer que cualquiera se enamore de usted” nos asegura que el amor tiene reglas para ambos sexos. Hay ciertas características que hacen una persona del sexo opuesto mas atractiva. Nos pasamos muchas horas frente el espejo intentando mejorar nuestro peinado o la ropa, pero nadie nos ha enseñado que características y cualidades nos hace más atractivos. A parte del punto de vista de citas y amor, el libro nos ayuda a entender las relaciones humanas des de otro punto de vista. Este libro no es solamente para hombres o mujeres, sino que sirve para todos. Todo esto esta basado en estudios científicos humanos, pero expresando su investigación de un modo ameno y apto para todos los públicos.

El primer paso del amor son las miradas

Mira el chico o la chica, si cruzas miradas desvíala. Pero vuelve a mirar en 30-40 segundos. Si los dos volvéis a cruzar miradas hay interés. Esta vez haz algún gesto, por ejemplo, sonríe y acércate. Di algo, cualquier cosa, no tiene que ser nada del otro mundo. Un comentario del sitio dónde estáis es suficiente.

Intenta mirar intensamente a los ojos (sin pasarte). Miradas intensas causan sensaciones buenas. Mientras habléis presta atención. Las conversaciones van dejando migas de pan que tienes que ir recogiendo. Puede que mencione un perro, pues aprovecha y pregúntale por el perro. En cualquier caso, mantente relajado, o por lo menos aparéntalo. Sonríe y disfruta del momento. La felicidad es contagiosa.

Las primeras citas

No pidas una cita temprano. Deja que se lo ganen. Que la primera cita sea llena de emociones. No la saques a comer esto es para más adelante. Escoge algo venturoso o que os deje mentalmente agotados por las emociones. En cualquier caso, vístete bien. Un hombre que vista bien tiene mucho ganado las chicas se fijan en esto.

Empezar una relación

Cuando ya hayáis pasado un par de citas juntos hay que mirar otros aspectos. Tenéis que ser diferentes, pero no muy diferentes: complementarios. Mira aspectos como deportes, música, libros, y hobbies en general. Las mujeres intiman hablando, los hombres haciendo (recuerda que esto puede cambiar a nivel individual).

Alimentaros el ego mutuamente. Hacer sentir el otro especial. Reconoce por lo que quiere ser recordado tu pareja y refuerza su visión. Ambos lados de la ecuación deben tener la sensación que han conseguido lo mejor de lo posible. Que las cualidades que se valoran las lleven a la mesa. Las cualidades son aspecto físico, dinero, prestigio y estatus, conocimiento e información, personalidad y naturaleza propia.

En general las mujeres les interesan las emociones y sensaciones. Hablan de salud, animales, filosofía, personas y problemas. Aquí los hombres tenéis que respaldar y no competitivos. Los hombres son más simples. Quieren sexo. Pero los hombres tienen que hacer sentir a las mujeres especiales. Personaliza el sexo para ella. Lo que quieras hacer no es para todo el mundo, es solamente para ella. Si ya lleváis tiempo juntos pregunta por el pasado, que le gusta y escucha atentamente, probablemente no sea muy exhaustiva. ¿Que busca tu pareja en una relación? ¿Qué significa ser un hombre ideal? ¿Qué significa ser amado? Estás preguntas pueden dar valiosa información.

New Year’s Resolutions 2021: Building a healthy lifestyle

Life is a never-ending learning process. For many years I have been writing publicly my new year resolutions (2020, 2019, etc) and my own assessments at the end of the year (2020, 2019, etc). It is a practice that I find useful to reflect on oneself decide what to keep and what to change. This practice is not perfect and includes failure, like last year when I tried to list my goals in a monthly format instead of bullet points. For this year I considered going for weekly goals but it seemed impractical. Separating a year in 7-day increments (52 weeks) requires too detailed planning. It is impossible to make it realistic considering the large numbers of unknowns. Instead, I will come back to my bullet list with coarse goals and hope I’m skilled enough to devise the short-term action plans at each step without deviating from the goal. I will again use the famous SMART technique to define and assess the goals.


  1. Physical exercises: With Corona and regular working from home, I’ve been quite physically inactive compared to other years. Gyms, swimming pools, and fitness centers had reduced capacity or were closed. And me working from home did not feel like going out into the cold and do sport. With this resolution, I intend to do short dayily home workouts and at least twice per week longer ones.
  2. Yoga and stretching: Following the same reason, sitting all day worsens everybody’s flexibility. I intend to do at least once a week 1h yoga and daily 10min of stretching exercises.
  3. Meditation: I had better times with meditation, but this year I’m finishing my PhD which seems to be a stressful time for many. I’ll try to do my best and not let it get me. Being Zen is my goal, so 10-20min of meditation daily is a must-to. I’m inclined to put napping time as a replacement for meditation is accepted.
  4. Books: For many years already I’ve managed to read quite a lot of books on top of my work reading. I intend to keep that, but I’ll try to get some action points from each book and implement it. Otherwise, knowledge gets lost between words.
  5. Reduce social media and time-wasting websites: Last year I reduced my social media consumption to once per day “just in case”. Sometimes I even forgot to check and people understood that. This next step is to not check it at all. For streaming services, I will limit it to eating time or weekends. Done eating? Done watching. Regarding messaging apps, reduce the replies to two/three times per day. It does not require speed. The same goes for the work ones.
  6. Travel: In spite of corona, this year I managed to do intercontinental travels and visit family several times. Now with the vaccine and “summer approaching” things can only get better. If possible and without too much of a hassle, I would like to visit a new country during summer.


  1. Finish my PhD: That being said, hand in before the end of the year, if possible even defend it before Christmas. Also, publish one or two manuscripts that are in preparation.
  2. Secure my post-PhD position: Decide what I want to do afterwards (career-wise) and secure it. That does not exclude getting some free time between jobs to travel or do other things.
  3. Mushrooms: Learn to grow mushrooms in a professional manner. Start with the basics like champignon and go to more advanced types. The goal is to find the easiest way to make the farming reproducible.
  4. Batteries: Think and try to move this field forward. Renewable energy lacks consistency over the day; therefore, energy storage seems the solution to bridge the gap between micro shortages. Understand at a deeper level how batteries work and are being recycled would meet the requirements to accomplish this resolution.
  5. Start a company: This point has been here for as far as I can remember. I hope to get my act together and accomplish the goal. A success is generating a recurrent income.
  6. Investments: I’m considering trying to invest and generate a stable income source. I don’t know yet how to approach this.


  1. Get a 6 pack: Because why not. Since I’m doing home workouts I can target specific muscle groups.
  2. Declutter: Check all my possessions and donate things I dislike or don’t use.
  3. Quit alcohol alltogether: I haven’t been drinking much at all mostly because it does not bring me anything but I still do it in social gatherings. I thought it could be interesting to see if I manage to not do it at all, and how to replace it. A little bit like I did with meat.
  4. Keep more regular schedules: I’ve been waking up and going to bed at similar times during the whole year. Let’s see how much more regularity I manage. Meaning that on weekends I still follow the same schedules as the weekdays.
  5. Publish here monthly: It is not easy to write things here but I try my best. I would like to continue the current approach because it has not felt like a burden. Let’s continue with this rhythm.
  6. Arguing more often: I feel I have an intuition for things but I’m not always able to express it correctly on the fly. I should try to defend better these “intuitions” without preparation time.

Remember to aim for the stars, be happy, and when in doubt choose the adventure.

Happy new year!

2020 resolutions revised: Incredible plot twist and the new normal

What an incredible 2020! One year ago nobody would have expected this, and now the whole world has normalized this “new normal”. A bat flu has crashed all world economies and united mankind for the research of a vaccine to overcome this new virus. I guess nobody had a pandemic in the apocalypse bingo for 2020. Nevertheless, I tried to make the most of this rollercoaster year and instead of grieving, I tried to accept what we’ve been given. In spite of the pandemic, interesting things happened at many levels. Following last year’s resolutions format (in text not in bullet points), I’ll review them as text as well.

During the month of January Corona was a thing in China but very few people were worried about it. Chinese people had the biggest hurdle, they could not go home for their new year. I celebrated the lunar/Chinese new year with some (Chinese) friends, prepared Chinese food, and watched Chinese TV. Nice evening indeed. During this month I also had farewell parties and packed my things to go to Australia. I got my climbing license (and forgot about it until now, I will probably need a refreshing course next time I climb). I created the website but didn’t do any work on it besides putting content in.

I lived in Perth (Australia) during February, March, and April. The flight was long and tiring but at the same time exciting. The workplace was nice, although a little empty (they were transitioning to new offices). I got to deepen my Keras/Tensorflow (and PyTorch later) skills but not as much in-depth as I wanted. After the first, or first and half months of me getting there they started implementing lockdowns and banning activities. However, before that, I managed to do many cool things! I got licensed in scuba diving and visited several diving locations, Rottnest island among them. I went surfing regularly on Saturdays, I didn’t become a professional but I managed to stand on the board regularly. It was a quite tiring activity. More than 90min of intense sport at once I would not recommend it. I did not join the toastmasters but I visited the immediate surroundings of Perth. I did quite a lot of socializing and dancing. Lured by the other activities the business idea died here.

In May nothing happened except that I flew back to Denmark to my new apartment in Copenhagen. My stay in Australia was completed, I could not travel within Australia so I went back to Denmark and “enjoyed” the danish lockdown. Surprisingly after landing, I saw some friends outdoors, some of the traveling rules or PCR tests were not yet implemented. Still early corona times. Summer arrived (June, July, and August). That training I had planned didn’t happen. People still were undecided about many things and I also choose (and became a late registration) not to join open water swimming. In September I didn’t buy the bike, and it’s probably not happening for a while now.

From October to the end of the year I didn’t train much. Lockdowns and regulations evolved all over Europe, nothing could be taken for certain. I went home during the summer and I choose not to visit friends during the fall. I did improve my bouldering skills to a decent level. We’ll see how my overall fitness holds now after the current lockdown.

I also had year-round goals. From the books, I had planned to read I completed some but not all. I managed to keep the quality of my inputs and outputs. I had little failures with Linkedin and TV shows at the end of the year. I improved my diligence for less appealing things, but there is still room for improvement. Although I joined yoga once a week during autumn, I did not meditate or stretch daily. But I managed to write here regularly 🙂 After checking now, I realized that this blog went back to more reflexive and deep philosophy posts (even though readers seem to appreciate other topics).

Life follows always its curse, and one cannot plan everything. On the unexpected side, I made a few new but good friends, in climbing, running and swimming but also at work. I finally finished and published the Harvard manuscript (we started 4 years ago?). I got co-authorship in two other papers in the Danish group where I do my PhD and my main paper seems to come to fruition. The method seems robust, the idea is interesting, and the results are good. I aim to send it to a journal soon enough. My Australian work is taking longer than expected but it also seems to be progressing, so I’m happy about it.

I finally managed to settle my US taxes, so in the following weeks, I’ll close my bank account there. I started learning lock picking. It is interesting to know the concepts and have some basic skills but I’m not good at it. I also learned the theory about mushroom cultivation and next year should be the practice year. Because of the increased home office and lockdowns, I tried new recipes (cakes and proper food). I even dared to bake a turkey for thanksgiving which turned out to be delicious. I made different kinds of wine and I even brew beer. The beer was a bit of a failure because I killed the yeast due to the high temperatures of the liquid but I saved it with baking yeast. Just before Christmas, I did turron and neules (typical Christmas sweets in some Spanish regions).

In conclusion, I consider I aimed for the stars and I managed the circumstances quite well. The adventure happened within the possible limits. In spite of what could have been, it has been a quite amazing year.

EASY install anaconda on macOS using homebrew

Installing anaconda on a macOS is not a simple task. Sometimes it requires a lot of troubleshooting, like setting the right shell initialization. To solve this I propose to install anaconda through homebrew. All of these commands are performed through the terminal unless otherwise specified in step 3.

1. Install homebrew

/bin/bash -c "$(curl -fsSL"

2. Install anaconda

brew cask install anaconda

3. Set the right anaconda path

Edit the ~/.zshrc file. You can do it using vim:

vim ~/.zshrc

And add the following line at the bottom:

export PATH="/usr/local/anaconda3/bin:$PATH"

This sets the anaconda directory on the global path variable from the macOS operating system.

4. Restart the terminal

You can either close the terminal or load the path configuration running:

source ~/.zshrc

5. Initialize conda’s shell

You have several options bash, fish, tcsh, xonsh, zsh, and powershell. But I recommend the following

conda init zsh

That’s it! Otherwise, shoot me a comment and we’ll figure out.

Moral hazard…

…that occurs when people don’t have skin in the game.

If you’re able to place a bet and you get the wins but you won’t bear the losses why don’t you go all in every time?
We should look for people that have skin in the game, they can still err but at least they will suffer the consequences. It’s very easy to bet on other people’s money and walk away when things don’t look good.

It’s not only us that should check we have skin in the game but check the others as well to identify and ignore charlatans. Words are easy and titles do not provide skin in the game. Do the hard work results will come.

Theodore Roosevelt “The Strenuous Life” (1899)

Following my Theodore Roosevelt stack of quotes here you can find some segments of “The Strenuous Life” speech he gave in 1899. Each of the following paragraphs represents a segment.

I wish to preach, not the doctrine of ignoble ease, but the doctrine of the strenuous life, the life of toil and effort, of labor and strife; to preach that highest form of success which comes, not to the man who desires mere easy peace, but to the man who does not shrink from danger, from hardship, or from bitter toil, and who out of these wins the splendid ultimate triumph.

Far better it is to dare mighty things, to win glorious triumphs, even though checkered by failure, than to take rank with those poor spirits who neither enjoy much nor suffer much, because they live in the gray twilight that knows not victory nor defeat.

If we are to be a really great people, we must strive in good faith to play a great part in the world. We cannot avoid meeting great issues. All that we can determine for ourselves is whether we shall meet them well or ill.

No country can long endure if its foundations are not laid deep in the material prosperity which comes from thrift, from business energy and enterprise, from hard, unsparing effort in the fields of industrial activity; but neither was any nation ever yet truly great if it relied upon material prosperity alone.

The work must be done; we cannot escape our responsibility; and if we are worth our salt, we shall be glad of the chance to do the work—glad of the chance to show ourselves equal to one of the great tasks set modern civilization. But let us not deceive ourselves as to the importance of the task. Let us not be misled by vainglory into underestimating the strain it will put on our powers. Above all, let us, as we value our own self-respect, face the responsibilities with proper seriousness, courage, and high resolve. We must demand the highest order of integrity and ability in our public men who are to grapple with these new problems. We must hold to a rigid accountability those public servants who show unfaithfulness to the interests of the nation or inability to rise to the high level of the new demands upon our strength and our resources.

Of course we are bound to handle the affairs of our own household well. We must see that there is civic honesty, civic cleanliness, civic good sense in our home administration of city, State, and nation. We must strive for honesty in office, for honesty toward the creditors of the nation and of the individual; for the widest freedom of individual initiative where possible, and for the wisest control of individual initiative where it is hostile to the welfare of the many. But because we set our own household in order we are not thereby excused from playing our part in the great affairs of the world. A man’s first duty is to his own home, but he is not thereby excused from doing his duty to the State; for if he fails in this second duty it is under the penalty of ceasing to be a freeman. In the same way, while a nation’s first duty is within its own borders, it is not thereby absolved from facing its duties in the world as a whole; and if it refuses to do so, it merely forfeits its right to struggle for a place among the peoples that shape the destiny of mankind.

I preach to you, then, my countrymen, that our country calls not for the life of ease but for the life of strenuous endeavor. The twentieth century looms before us big with the fate of many nations. If we stand idly by, if we seek merely swollen, slothful ease and ignoble peace, if we shrink from the hard contests where men must win at hazard of their lives and at the risk of all they hold dear, then the bolder and stronger peoples will pass us by, and will win for themselves the domination of the world. Let us therefore boldly face the life of strife, resolute to do our duty well and manfully; resolute to uphold righteousness by deed and by word; resolute to be both honest and brave, to serve high ideals, yet to use practical methods. Above all, let us shrink from no strife, moral or physical, within or without the nation, provided we are certain that the strife is justified, for it is only through strife, through hard and dangerous endeavor, that we shall ultimately win the goal of true national greatness.

Citizenship in a Republic By Theodore Roosevelt (1910)

Here there are some quotes from the Citizenship in a Republic By Theodore Roosevelt that I found were worth keeping and reflecting upon. Each of the following paragraphs represents a segment.

It is not the critic who counts; not the man who points out how the strong man stumbles, or where the doer of deeds could have done them better. The credit belongs to the man who is actually in the arena, whose face is marred by dust and sweat and blood; who strives valiantly; 10 who errs, who comes short again and again, because there is no effort without error and shortcoming; but who does actually strive to do the deeds; who knows great enthusiasms, the great devotions; who spends himself in a worthy cause; who at the best knows in the end the triumph of high achievement, and who at the worst, if he fails, at least fails while daring greatly, so that his place shall never be with those cold and timid souls who neither know victory nor 15 defeat. Shame on the man of cultivated taste who permits refinement to develop into fastidiousness that unfits him for doing the rough work of a workaday world. Among the free peoples who govern themselves there is but a small field of usefulness open for the men of cloistered life who shrink from contact with their fellows. Still less room is there for those who deride of slight what is done by those who actually bear the brunt of the day; nor yet for those 20 others who always profess that they would like to take action, if only the conditions of life were not exactly what they actually are. The man who does nothing cuts the same sordid figure in the pages of history, whether he be a cynic, or fop, or voluptuary. There is little use for the being whose tepid soul knows nothing of great and generous emotion, of the high pride, the stern belief, the lofty enthusiasm, of the men who quell the storm and ride the thunder. Well for these 25 men if they succeed; well also, though not so well, if they fail, given only that they have nobly ventured, and have put forth all their heart and strength. It is war-worn Hotspur, spent with hard fighting, he of the many errors and valiant end, over whose memory we love to linger, not over the memory of the young lord who “but for the vile guns would have been a valiant soldier.”

He must pull his own weight first, and only after this can his surplus 35 strength be of use to the general public. It is not good to excite that bitter laughter which expresses contempt; and contempt is what we feel for the being whose enthusiasm to benefit mankind is such that he is a burden to those nearest him; who wishes to do great things for humanity in the abstract, but who cannot keep his wife in comfort or educate his children.

That is why I decline to recognize the mere 45 multimillionaire, the man of mere wealth, as an asset of value to any country; and especially as not an asset to my own country. If he has earned or uses his wealth in a way that makes him a real benefit, of real use- and such is often the case- why, then he does become an asset of real worth. But it is the way in which it has been earned or used, and not the mere fact of wealth, that entitles him to the credit. There is need in business, as in most other forms of human activity, of the great guiding intelligences. Their places cannot be supplied by any number of lesser 5 intelligences. It is a good thing that they should have ample recognition, ample reward. But we must not transfer our admiration to the reward instead of to the deed rewarded; and if what should be the reward exists without the service having been rendered, then admiration will only come from those who are mean of soul. The truth is that, after a certain measure of tangible material success or reward has been achieved, the question of increasing it becomes of constantly 10 less importance compared to the other things that can be done in life. It is a bad thing for a nation to raise and to admire a false standard of success; and there can be no falser standard than that set by the deification of material well-being in and for itself. But the man who, having far surpassed the limits of providing for the wants; both of the body and mind, of himself and of those depending upon him, then piles up a great fortune, for the acquisition or retention of which he 15 returns no corresponding benefit to the nation as a whole, should himself be made to feel that, so far from being desirable, he is an unworthy, citizen of the community: that he is to be neither admired nor envied; that his right-thinking fellow countrymen put him low in the scale of citizenship, and leave him to be consoled by the admiration of those whose level of purpose is even lower than his own.

My position as regards the moneyed interests can be put in a few words. In every civilized society property rights must be carefully safeguarded; ordinarily, and in the great majority of cases, human rights and property rights are fundamentally and in the long run identical; but when it clearly appears that there is a real conflict between them, human rights must have the upper hand, for property belongs to man and not man to property.

The citizen must have high ideals, and yet he must be able to achieve them in practical fashion. No permanent good comes from aspirations so lofty that they have grown fantastic and have become impossible and indeed undesirable to realize. The impractical visionary is far less often the guide and precursor than he is the embittered foe of the real reformer, of the man who, 5 with stumblings and shortcoming, yet does in some shape, in practical fashion, give effect to the hopes and desires of those who strive for better things. Woe to the empty phrase-maker, to the empty idealist, who, instead of making ready the ground for the man of action, turns against him when he appears and hampers him when he does work! Moreover, the preacher of ideals must remember how sorry and contemptible is the figure which he will cut, how great the damage that 10 he will do, if he does not himself, in his own life, strive measurably to realize the ideals that he preaches for others.

Conspicuous consumption

Conspicuous: Attracting notice or attention.
Consumption: The action of using up a resource.
The fusion of both words, conspicuous consumption, is a term coined by Thorstein Veblen in 1899 but it is easily applicable to modern society. It is an economic theory that does not shine optimism. Based on the meaning of the words separately Conspicuous: Attracting notice or attention.Consumption: The action of using up a resource. Put together, conspicuous consumption refers to buying expensive goods to display wealth rather than covering the real consumer needs.

This economic theory criticizes the industrialized societies where the individuals buy their items based on the status that would provide rather than the utility of them. This, in consequence, leads to a waste of time and resources with the sole purpose of emulating the pertinence of a given social class. If we look into it, we’ll see that recent economic catastrophes have been caused by people trying to be. In 2008 the market crashed because lots of people were over-leveraged to buy bigger houses while trying to keep up with the Joneses. People buy things because their neighbors or acquaintances bought something rather than the utility and profit they can extract from the purchase.

If we look at it critically, conspicuous consumption is the cause of the current health crises where most of American adults are obese. Humans only need a certain amount of food per day, if we overdo it regularly it can lead to health problems. Overeating can cause obesity at the start, but it can also lead to diabetes and coronary diseases. That simply because we are eating more than we should.

Overbuying food has also environmental implications. We live in a society that trows away more food than ever. With proper management of the resources, the world would be more balanced on caloric intake. Low-income countries would have enough to feed their inhabitants; thus giving equal opportunities to many people. But this goes further than our day to day activities. It is not about objects. It can refer to non-material elements. It is not cool anymore to go to the beach one week in summer, this vicious circle expands. Now people have to go regularly to different European capitals and during summer one should visit exotic sunny places. Chilling at home does not display enough wealth.

Leisure is also affected by conspicuous consumption. Conspicuous leisure is about taking part in leisure activities with the sole purpose of displaying status. The activities should be displayed in order to demonstrate idle time as a sign of wealth where the worker would have little time for non-productive endeavors whereas wealthy people would have plenty of time to pursue non-productive activities.

All of which leads to Veblen goods. Those are goods where their demand increases with price. Traditionally it is assumed by economists that demand decreases proportionally to the price increase (and the other way around). But Veblen goods have a complete opposite demand curve. When the price increases the demand increases as well, going against all common sense.

Do we still think that growth is the way to go?

The new software: Advantages and disadvantages

Recently I published a post about the new software paradigm. The new paradigm of software is the one that the coder does not directly program each of the cases for any of the given inputs. The new paradigm uses training data to let the computer learn the outputs for each input. The computer programs itself while the coder and the software developer’s job is to prepare the data and set the target. The new paradigm seems to bring new challenges that need balancing. It has, like everything, some advantages and disadvantages.

On the advantage side, deep learning requires easier hardware. Even though deep learning is more complex than traditional software, neural networks only consists of two basic operations: matrix multiplication and thresholding. Traditional software has many more basic operations like conditionals, loops, etc. Because of that traditional CPUs are required to be able to run many more distinct operations increasing the overall complexity of the hardware. Where traditional software uses CPUs, deep learning uses GPUs. GPUs are developed to perform matrix multiplications making them ideal for neural networks.

Since deep learning is inherently less complex on hardware, one could easily embed already trained models into chips to perform certain tasks. This will make chips low power and specifically designed for defined tasks. If the task at hand is better defined and specific, hardware can be developed so that it is more efficient making it prone as well to scale economies. Imagine a manufacturing chip that performs speech analysis. In a way, this is more portable than code. The code often needs to be recompiled on the system to ensure that works and has optimal performance. A chip would have everything integrated from the microphone to the model.

Once the neural network is trained. Execution time and memory use are constant. Deep learning prediction only requires one forward pass which always requires the same amount of operations and memory. Traditional software different branches of the code require different amounts of resources which leads to a wide range of execution times and resource consumption (i.e. memory allocation). At the same time with traditional software, the branching adds complexity for the developer to not forget any case open, untreated, or even an infinite loop. An infinite loop of the traditional software would render the program unresponsive for eternity. This specific bug does never happen in neural networks.

Contrary to the traditional software that remains untouched for most of their life, deep learning models have the ability to evolve, mutate, and mature to reach and maintain the global optimum. In traditional software calls, APIs, and modules are created alone and die alone. Unless changed software stays the same forever. In this new paradigm, your call helps the model to find a better solution, and be faster and therefore adapt and improve. The more use the better the whole system becomes. You browsing through the internet would help to build a better internet. This software would learn from usage.

Even though there are instances where certain coders would be able to write better code than deep learning, in general, neural networks are better pieces of code. The same holds for high- and low-level languages. Even though most coders do a good job programming high-level languages and let the compiler do their magic, there is an extremely small fraction of people that are able to tune assembly instructions to improve the performance. Small local improvements do not reflect global gains.

But not everything that glitters is gold. Neural networks may be able to achieve 99% accuracy but it may be impossible to understand how this is reached. In some cases, a 90% accuracy that humans comprehend may be preferable. This is a tradeoff that should be assessed case by case. Would you rather get a treatment 99% certain without knowing what is it, or 95% certain but a doctor can explain to you?

Maybe humans don’t trust machine learning models because they may be picking up biases. If it’s true it is on everyone’s best interest to prevent that. It’s in humanity’s best interest that technology remains neutral. But this may be harder than we thought. Microsoft trained a twitter bot on twitter and it turned out to be racist, the reason is that some data cleaning is required, not everything has value. And amazon built a misogynist HR algorithm because they have biased data to start with. So it turns out that machines reflect what’s there without the power to argue against it.

In a way we want the machines to judge the outputs. For everyone’s comfort maybe we should be supervising all algorithms. Deep learning will provide an answer to the data. It may not always be the right answer, but sometimes it may be so wrong that a person will easily pick up. Models do not tell you when they don’t know, if it was not properly trained on specific regions of the data it will provide an embarrassingly wrong result.

Malicious people may use this lack of judgment to benefit from AI. This new software will require new security measures. Attacks against neural networks are different in nature than the attacks that can be done on traditional software. Misleading is as easy as finding a way to mislead the algorithm. If they are somehow public it’s a matter of time until somebody realizes that some tweaks produce vastly different results.

This new paradigm will require new tools. The old software needed debuggers, profilers, and IDEs. The new paradigm is done by accumulating, cleaning, and processing datasets. The new debugging will be done by adding new data with the labels the model fails to recognize. The IDEs may show the model architecture, the training data, and labels but it may also show which data points may be relevant to include so that the model gains certainty on the prediction. Maybe the new era Github is about datasets and trained models.